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Calculate Ratio in Excel

How to use Excel functions to show a ratio, such as 4:3 or 8:5. To calculate ratio in Excel, you can use the GCD function, or the TEXT and SUBSTITUTE functions.

Video: Calculate Ratio in Excel

To calculate a ratio between 2 numbers in Excel, you can use the GCD function (Greatest Common Divisor) or use the TEXT and SUBSTITUTE functions. Watch this video to see how to use these formulas to calculate the ratios in Excel.

Written instructions are below the video.

Calculate Ratio with GCD

In this example, there is a list of screen dimensions, with the first width -- 400 -- in cell B4 and the first height -- 300 --in cell C4.

To calculate the ratio for each screen, the formula will use the GCD function, which returns the Greatest Common Divisor, for two or more numbers.

NOTE: In Excel 2003 and earlier, the Analysis Toolpak must be installed, to use the GCD function.

Test the GCD Function

To see the largest number which will divide equally into the numbers in B4 and C4, enter this formula in cell D4:

=GCD(B4,C4)

The result is 100.

Create the Ratio Formula

To calculate the ratio, the width will be divided by the GCD and the height will be divided by the GCD. A colon will be placed between those two numbers.

To see the ratio, enter this formula in cell E4:

=B4/GCD(B4,C4)&":"&C4/GCD(B4,C4)

The result is 4:3 -- the ratio for those screen dimensions. go to top

GCD formula for ratio

Ratio With TEXT and SUBSTITUTE

Another way to calculate ratio is with the TEXT and SUBSTITUTE functions -- these functions work in all versions of Excel, without the Analysis Tookpak having to be installed.

In this example, there is a list of screen dimensions, with the first width -- 400 -- in cell B4 and the first height -- 300 --in cell C4.

To calculate the ratio for each screen, the formula will divide the width by the height, and format the result as a fraction. Then, the slash will be replaced with a colon, to create the ratio.

Test the TEXT Function

To see the result as a fraction, enter this formula in cell D4:

=TEXT(B4/C4,"#/######")

The result is 4/3.

Create the Ratio Formula

To calculate the ratio, the width will be divided by the height, and formatted as a fraction. A colon will replace the slash.

To see the ratio, enter this formula in cell E4:

=SUBSTITUTE(TEXT(B4/C4,"#/######"),"/",":")

The result is 4:3 -- the ratio for those screen dimensions. go to top

TEXT and SUBSTITUTE formula for ratio

Download the Sample File

Download the zipped sample Excel Ratio Formulas file

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Last updated: September 20, 2016 12:42 PM