See 7 ways to count in Excel. Examples and video tutorials show how to count Excel cells with numbers, text, blanks, or cells that contain specific words or other criteria

To see a quick overview of 7 ways to count in Excel, watch this short slide show, or see the steps for using each method, in the video below.

Download the 7 Ways to Count sample workbook, so you can follow along with the video.

This video shows the COUNT function, the COUNTA function, and the COUNTBLANK function, and warns of the quirks in counting some types of cells.

Written instructions are below the video. Count Cells with Numbers, Count Cells with Data and Count Blank Cells. Also, download the sample workbook, to see all the formulas.

The COUNT function will count cells that contain numbers. Its syntax
is:

**=COUNT(value1**, value2,...value30).

The arguments (e.g. value1) can be cell references, or values typed
into the COUNT formula.

The following COUNT function example uses one argument -- a reference to cells A1:A5.

- Enter the sample data on your worksheet
- In cell A7, enter an COUNT formula, to count the numbers in column
A:
**=COUNT(A1:A5)** - Press the Enter key, to complete the formula.
- The result will be 3, the number of cells that contain numbers.

Cell A1 isn't counted, because it contains text.

**Note**: Since dates are stored as numbers, the COUNT function
will include any cells that contain dates.

The COUNTA function will count cells that are not empty. Its syntax
is:

**=COUNTA(value1**, value2,...value30).

The arguments (e.g. value1) can be cell references, or values typed
into the formula. The following example uses one argument -- a reference
to cells A1:A5.

- Enter the sample data on your worksheet
- In cell A7, enter a COUNTA formula, to count the numbers in column
A:
**=COUNTA(A1:A5)** - Press the Enter key, to complete the formula.
- The result will be 4, the number of cells that contain data.

**Note**: COUNTA will count cells with formulas — including
those that look empty, because they evaluate to "", e.g. =IF(B2="","",B2).
It will also count cells which had formulas that evaluated to "",
but then were converted to values (Edit | Paste Special, Values).
You can see apostrophes in those "non-blank" converted cells,
if you add a check mark to Tools | Options, Transition tab, "Transition
navigation keys."

**View the steps in a short Excel Count Functions
video**

(COUNT, COUNTA, COUNTBLANK)

The COUNTBLANK function will count cells that are empty. Its syntax
is:

**=COUNTBLANK(range**).

The following example uses a reference to cells A1:A5.

- Enter the sample data on your worksheet
- In cell A7, enter a COUNTBLANK formula, to count the numbers in
column A:
**=COUNTBLANK(A1:A5)** - Press the Enter key, to complete the formula.
- The result will be 1, the number of empty cells.

**Note**: COUNTBLANK will count cells with formulas — including
those that look empty, because they evaluate to "", e.g. =IF(B2="","",B2).
It will also count cells which had formulas that evaluated to "",
but then were converted to values (Edit | Paste Special, Values).
You can see apostrophes in those "non-blank" converted cells,
if you add a check mark to Tools | Options, Transition tab, "Transition
navigation keys."

**View the steps in a short Excel Count Functions
video**

(COUNT, COUNTA, COUNTBLANK)

This video shows how to use the COUNTIF function to count cells that contain a specific string of text, such as "Pen". You can also find text that is part of a cell -- how many orders were placed for any kind of pen, such as "Gel Pen", "Pen" or even a "Pencil"?

The written instructions are below the video: Match criterion exactly and Match criterion in a string

Also, be careful, because you might get False Duplicates With COUNTIF , and COUNTIF does not count specific numbers within other numbers. And to count specific text, without counting similar text, see the example here.

In Excel, count cells that meet a specific criterion. In this example only the Pen orders will be counted.

- Select the cell in which you want to see the count (cell A12 in this example)
- Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
- Type: COUNTIF(
- Select the cells that contain the values to check for the criterion. In this example, cells A1:A10 will be checked
- Type a comma, to separate the arguments
- Type the criterion. In this example, you're checking for text, so
type the word in double quotes: "Pen"

*Note: upper and lower case are treated equally*

- Type a closing bracket

The completed formula is:**=COUNTIF(A1:A10,"Pen")**

- Press the Enter key to complete the entry
- The result will be 4, the number of cells that contain "Pen"

In Excel, count cells that contain a criterion as part of the cell's contents. In this example all Pen, Gel Pen, and Pencil orders will be counted, because they contain the string "pen".

- Select the cell in which you want to see the count (cell A12 in this example)
- Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
- Type: COUNTIF(
- Select the cells that contain the values to check for the criterion. In this example, cells A1:A10 will be checked
- Type a comma, to separate the arguments
- Type the criterion. In this example, you're checking for text, so
type the word in double quotes, with one or more asterisk (*) wildcard
characters: "*Pen*"

*Note: upper and lower case are treated equally*

- Type a closing bracket

The completed formula is:**=COUNTIF(A1:A10,"*Pen*")**

- Press the Enter key to complete the entry
- The result will be 6, the number of cells that contain the string, "Pen"

**Note**: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can
refer to a cell. For example, the formula in step 7 above could be
changed to:

**=COUNTIF(A1:A10,"*" & B12 &
"*")
**if cell B12 contained the text —

Be careful when using COUNTIF, because it matches numbers, with text that looks like numbers, and that could result in false counts.

For example, if you have a text entry -- "00123" -- it would be counted as a duplicate for the number -- 123.

**=COUNTIF($B$2:$B$10,B2))>**

If your data could contain entries like that, use SUMPRODUCT, instead of COUNTIF.

**=SUMPRODUCT(--($B$2:$B$10=B2))>1**

The COUNTIF function can find specific letters or numbers in a text string. However, COUNTIF cannot find a specific number within a real number.

In the screen shot below, there are 4 items in the list that contain a "1". The COUNTIF formula in cell A9 gives an incorrect result of 3. It does not count the "1" in cell A2, because that cell contains a real number, not a text string.

Although the COUNTIF function can't count specific numbers within real numbers, the FIND or SEARCH function will locate them.

In the screen shot below, the following formulas are used in columns C, D and E, to look for a "1".

The ISNUMBER function returns True or False, and the two minus signs (double unary) convert True to 1 and False to 0 (zero).

- C2:
**=COUNTIF(A2,"*1*")** - D2:
**=--ISNUMBER(FIND(1,A2))** - E2:
**=--ISNUMBER(SEARCH(1,A2))**

The FIND and SEARCH formulas found all 4 items that contain a "1". The COUNTIF formula only found 3 items.

Instead of checking each row individually, use the SUMPRODUCT function with FIND or SEARCH, to get the total count for the list.

- Use
**FIND**to count numbers, or**case-sensitive**letters - Use
**SEARCH**to count numbers, or upper and lower case letters (**not case-sensitive**)

In this example, the formulas give a count of cells that contain a 1. The result is 4 in both cases.

**A9: =SUMPRODUCT(--ISNUMBER(FIND(1,$A$2:$A$7)))****A10: =SUMPRODUCT(--ISNUMBER(SEARCH(1,$A$2:$A$7)))**

In the next example, the formulas give a count of cells that contain "a". FIND only counts the lower-case "a" (1), and SEARCH counts both the upper-case "A", and lower-case "a" (2).

**A9: =SUMPRODUCT(--ISNUMBER(FIND("a",$A$2:$A$7)))****A10: =SUMPRODUCT(--ISNUMBER(SEARCH("a",$A$2:$A$7)))**

In this video, see how to use the COUNTIF function to count the number of items in a list that are over or under a specific amount. Written instructions are below the video:

You can use an operator with a criterion. In this example only the rows where the quantity is greater than or equal to ten will be counted.

- Select the cell in which you want to see the count (cell A12 in this example)
- Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
- Type: COUNTIF(
- Select the cells that contain the values to check for the criterion. In this example, cells B1:B10 will be checked
- Type a comma, to separate the arguments
- Type the criterion. In this example, you're checking for rows where
the quantity is greater than or equal to 10. The >= operator is
used before the number, and the entire criterion is enclosed in double
quotes:
**">=10"**

*Note: Even though this is a numerical criterion, it must enclosed in double quote marks.*

- Type a closing bracket
- The completed formula is:

=COUNTIF(B1:B10,">=10")

- Press the Enter key to complete the entry

**Note**: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can
refer to a cell. For example, the formula in step 8 above could be
changed to:

**=COUNTIF(B1:B10,">=" & B12)
**if cell B12 contained the number —

Or, you could use a function as part of the criterion. For example:

** =COUNTIF(A1:A10,"<"&TODAY()) **

You can combine COUNTIF formulas, to count rows that are within a range of values. In this example, the formula will count rows where the quantity is between 5 and 10 (inclusive).

- Select the cell in which you want to see the count (cell A12 in this example)
- Type a formula to count rows greater than or equal to 5:

=COUNTIF(B1:B10,">=5")

- Type a minus sign
- Type a formula to count rows greater than 10:

COUNTIF(B1:B10,">10")

- The completed formula is:

**=COUNTIF(B1:B10,">=5")**-**COUNTIF(B1:B10,">10")**

- Press the Enter key to complete the entry

**Note**: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can
refer to a cell. For example, the formula in step 8 above could be
changed to:

**=COUNTIF(B1:B10,">=" & B12)
**-

**COUNTIF(B1:B10,">" & C12)
**if cell B12 contained the number —

Instead of typing the operator into the COUNTIF formula, as shown above, you can create a list of all possible operators, and select one from a drop down list. Then, refer to that operator in the formula.

This video shows the steps for setting up the formula, and the written instructions are below the video.

To create a drop down list operators:

- On a different sheet in the workbook, type a list of operators in a column.
- Select the cells in the list, and name that list as OpList.
- On the main sheet, select the cell where you want the drop down list -- cell E6 in this example
- Use the data validation command to create the drop down list, based on the named range -- OpList

Change your COUNTIF formula, to replace the typed operator with a reference to the cell with the drop down list.

**=COUNTIF(B2:B11,E6&F6)**

Then, select one of the operators from the drop down list in cell E6, and the formula result will change.

This video shows how to use the COUNTIFS function to count cells based on multiple criteria.

Written instructions are below the video:

--Count multiple criteria with COUNTIFS

--Count multiple criteria with SUMPRODUCT

--Count all dates in a specific month and year

In Exce 2007 and later versions, you can use the COUNTIFS function to count rows that meet two or more criteria. In this example only the rows where the item is "Pen" and the quantity is greater than or equal to ten will be counted.

- Select the cell in which you want to see the total
- Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
- Type:
**COUNTIFS(** - Select the cells that contain the values to check for the first
criterion. In this example, cells
**A2:A10**will be checked - Type a comma, and the first criterion:
**"Pen"**

*Note: Because this is a text criterion, it is enclosed in double quote marks.*

- To start the next set of criteria, type a comma
- Select the cells that contain the values to check for the second
criterion. In this example, cells
**B2:B10**will be checked - Type a comma, and the second criterion:
**">=10**"

*Note: Because this criterion includes operators, it is enclosed in double quote marks. To count rows where the quantity is equal to 10, only the number 10 would be required.*

- Finish with a closing bracket: )
- The completed formula is shown below.

- Press the Enter key to complete the entry

**Note**: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can
refer to a cell, as shown in the second formula below. If using operators,
enclose them in double quote marks.

Use typed criteria:

**=COUNTIFS(A2:A10,"Pen",B2:B10,">=10")
**

or cell references:

**=COUNTIFS(A2:A10,D3,B2:B10,">=" & E3)**

In this example, the SUMPRODUCT function is used to count the rows where the item is "Pen" and the quantity is greater than or equal to ten. This solution will work in older versions of Excel, where there COUNTIFS function is not available.

- Select the cell in which you want to see the total
- Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
- Type: SUMPRODUCT(--(
- Select the cells that contain the values to check for the first criterion. In this example, cells A2:A10 will be checked
- Type the first criterion: ="Pen"

*Note: Because this is a text criterion, it is enclosed in double quote marks.*

- Type ),--(
- Select the cells that contain the values to check for the second criterion. In this example, cells B2:B10 will be checked
- Type the second criterion: >=10

*Note: Because this is a numerical criterion, it isn't enclosed in double quote marks.*

- Finish with closing brackets: ))
- The completed formula is shown below.

- Press the Enter key to complete the entry

**Note**: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can
refer to a cell, as shown in the second formula below

Use typed criteria:

**=SUMPRODUCT(--(A2:A10="Pen"),--(B2:B10>=10))
**

or cell references:

**=SUMPRODUCT(--(A2:A10=D2),--(B2:B10>=E2))**

In this example, there is a date in cell A2, and the order list has dates in cell A5:A26. The following SUMPRODUCT function is in cell D2, and it counts all the dates that have the same month and year as the date in cell A2.

**=SUMPRODUCT((MONTH(A5:A26)=MONTH(A2))*(YEAR(A5:A26)=YEAR(A2)))**

- The
**MONTH**function returns the month number for each cell, and compares that to the month number for the date in cell A2. - The
**YEAR**function returns the year number for each cell, and compares that to the year number for the date in cell A2. - Only the rows where both the month and year match cell A2 are counted.

After you filter the rows in a list, you can use functions to count only the visible rows.

- For a simple count of visible numbers or all visible data, use the SUBTOTAL function
- To count visible data, and ignore errors, use the AGGREGATE function
- To count specific items in a filtered List, use a SUMPRODUCT formula
- To count UNIQUE items in a filtered List, use an Array-entered formula

After you filter the rows in a list, you can use the SUBTOTAL function to count the visible rows.

- Apply an AutoFilter to the table. There are instructions here -- AutoFilter Basics
- Filter at least one of the columns in the table. In this example, the first column has been filtered for Binders.
- Select the cell immediately below the column you want to sum.
- Click the AutoSum button on the Excel's Standard toolbar.
- If you want the SUBTOTAL function in a cell other than the one directly below the filtered list, you can type the formula, instead of using the AutoSum button.

- A SUBTOTAL formula will be automatically inserted, totalling the visible cells in the column
- The first argument in the SUBTOTAL function is a function number, that specifies how the numbers should be calculated. The default is 9, which tells Excel to SUM the numbers.
- Other function numbers can be used, such as 1 for AVERAGE, and 3 for COUNTA. Look in Excel's Help for a complete list.
- To Count all the non-empty cells in column D, use a 3 as the first
argument:

**=SUBTOTAL(3,D2:D10)**

- Press the Enter key to complete the formula entry.

**Note**: To subtotal rows which have been either manually hidden or filtered, use** 103** as the function number, instead of **3**:

**=SUBTOTAL(103,D2:D10)**

After you filter the rows in a list, you can use the AGGREGATE function to count the visible rows. This function was introduced in Excel 2010, and is similar to SUBTOTAL, but it has 19 functions, compared to SUBTOTAL's 11 functions. Another advantage is that it can ignore errors, as well as hidden rows.

- Apply an AutoFilter to the table. There are instructions here -- AutoFilter Basics
- Filter at least one of the columns in the table. In this example, the first column has been filtered for Binders.
- Select the cell in which you want to see the total -- cell B1 in this example
- To start the formula, type:
**=AGGREGATE(** - In the list of function numbers, double-click on
**3-COUNTA**, then type a comma - In the list of option numbers, double-click on
**3 - Ignore hidden rows, error values, nested SUBTOTAL and AGGREGATE functions**, then type a comma - Select the cells that contain the values to check for the first criterion. In this example, the Total column in the table is selected.
- Type a closing bracket, then press the Enter key to complete the formula entry.

**=AGGREGATE(3,3,Table1[Total])**

The two visible numbers are counted, and the error in cell D9 is ignored.

Laurent Longre created a formula that lets you work with visible rows
after a filter. For information see, Power Formula Technique in this
article at John Walkenbach's web site:

http://j-walk.com/ss/excel/eee/eee001.txt

Incorporating that technique, SUMPRODUCT can be used to count visible items in a filtered table. In the following example, column D has been filtered for amounts greater than 100. The following formula will count the number of visible rows that contain "Pen" in column A.

- From the dropdown list in cell D1, select Custom.
- Filter for rows greater than 100.
- In cell A12, type: Pen
- In cell B12, enter the following formula:

**=SUMPRODUCT(SUBTOTAL(3,OFFSET(A1:A10,ROW(A1:A10)
-MIN(ROW(A1:A10)),,1)), --(A1:A10=A12)) **

In the Excel Expert Newsletter (issue 20, July 8, 2001), there is a formula to count unique items in a filtered list. In this example, the list is filtered for the Central region, and unique items in column D are counted.

- The LineVal column is a named range -- Rge
- The name unRge is defined with the formula: =IF(SUBTOTAL(3,OFFSET(Rge,ROW(Rge)-MIN(ROW(Rge)),,1)),Rge,"")
- In cell C2, enter the following formula:

**=SUM(N(IF(ISNA(MATCH("""",unRge,0)),MATCH(Rge,Rge,0),
IF(MATCH(unRge,unRge,0)=MATCH("""",unRge,0),0,
MATCH(unRge,unRge,0)))=ROW(Rge)-MIN(ROW(Rge))+1))**

1. Download zipped Count Functions sample workbook. The zipped file is in xlsx format, and does not contain any macros.

2. Download the 7 Ways to Count sample workbook, to follow along with the 7 Ways to Count video. The zipped file is in xlsx format, and does not contain any macros.

3. Download the Count Unique Items in Filtered List workook. The zipped file is in xlsx format, and does not contain any macros.

Last updated: September 19, 2017 3:55 PM

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