Search Contextures Sites
Video: Name a Range of Cells
Name a Range -- Name Box
Rules for Creating Names
Video: Create Names from Worksheet Labels
Create Names from Worksheet Labels
Create a Dynamic Named Range
Video: Create a Dynamic Named Range in Excel 2003
Create a Dynamic Named Range in Excel 2003
More Names Tutorials
You can create Excel names that refer to cells, a range of cells, a constant value, or a formula.
After you define the names, you can use those names in formulas, to replace values or cell references.
In Excel, you can create names that refer to a single cell, a group of cells on the worksheet, a specific value, or a formula. After you define Excel names, you can use the names in a formula, instead of using a constant value or cell references. For example, a cell that contains the tax rate could be named SalesTax. Then, other cells could multiply sales amounts by the named range, SalesTax.
For Excel names that refer to a cell or a range of cells, you can use the names to quickly select the named range, and that makes navigation easier. Just select a range name from a drop down list, and you'll immediately go to that range.
The written instructions are below the video.
You can create a named range quickly by typing in the Name Box.
- Select the cell(s) to be named
- Click in the Name box, to the left of the formula bar
- Type a valid one-word name for the list, e.g. FruitList.
- Press the Enter key.
An Excel name can't contain space characters, and there are other rules to follow when you're creating a name.
- The first character of a name must be a
- underscore (_)
- backslash (\).
- Remaining characters in the name can be
- underscore characters
- Spaces are not allowed as part of a name.
- Names can contain uppercase and lowercase letters, and Excel does not distinguish between them. For example, North and NORTH are treated as the same name.
- Names cannot be the same as a cell reference, such as A$35 or R2D2.
- You cannot use C,c,R or r as a defined name -- they are used as selection shortcuts.
To quickly name individual cells, or individual ranges, you can use worksheet labels as the names. Watch this video to see the steps. Written instructions are below the video.
A quick way to create names is to base them on worksheet labels. In the example shown below, the cells in column C will be named, based on the labels in the adjacent cells, in column B.
To name cells, or ranges, based on worksheet labels:
- Select the labels and the cells that are to be named. The labels can be above, below, left or right of the cells to be named. In this example, the labels are in column B, to the left of the cells that will be named.
- On the Ribbon, click the Formulas tab, then click Create from Selection.
- In the Create From Selection window, add a check mark for the location of the labels, then click OK. In this example, the labels are in the left column of the selected cells.
- Click on a cell to see its name. In the screen shot below, cell C4 is selected, and you can see its name in the Name Box -- Full_Name.
- NOTE: If the labels contains spaces, they're replaced with an underscore. Other invalid characters, such as & and # will be removed, or replaced by an underscore character.
After creating names that refer to a range, you can select a name in the Name Box dropdown list, to select the named range on the worksheet.
You can also use names in formulas. For example, you could have a group of cells with sales amounts for the month of January. Name those cells JanSales, then use this formula to calculate the total amount:
In the following example, the names TotalSales and TaxRate have been defined.
=TotalSales * TaxRate
To view the steps in a short Named Range video, click here.
If the list that you want to name will change frequently, having items added and removed, you should create a dynamic named range. Unlike a static named range, a dynamic named range will automatically adjust in size, when the list changes.
A dynamic list is ideal if you are creating a drop down list, and want new items shown automatically, or if you are creating a pivot table, and add new records frequently.
In Excel 2007 and later, the easiest way to create a dynamic named range is to start by creating a named Excel table. Then, define a range based on one or more columns in that table.
In this example there is a list of parts on the worksheet, and a named table, and dynamic named ranges will be created.
First, to create the table:
- Select a cell in the parts list
- On the Ribbon's Insert tab, click Table
- Check that the correct range has been selected, and add a check mark to My Table Has Headers
- Click OK, to create the table.
Next, to create a dynamic list of part IDs:
- Select cells A2:A9, which contain the Part IDs (not the heading)
- Click in the Formula Bar, and type a one-word name for the range: PartIDList
- Press the Enter key, to complete the name.
To see the name's definition, click the Ribbon's Formulas tab, and click Name Manager. There are two named items in the list -- the Parts table, with the default name, Table1, and the PartIDList, which is based on the PartID field in Table1.
Because the PartIDList named range is based on a named table, the list will automatically adjust in size if you add or remove part IDs in the list.
When you create a named range in Excel, it doesn't automatically include new items. If you plan to add new items to a list, you can use a dynamic formula to define an Excel named range. Then, as new items are added to the list, the named range will automatically expand to include them.
If you are using Excel 2003, which does not have named tables, you can use a dynamic formula to define a named range. As new items are added, the range will automatically expand.
Note: Dynamic named ranges will not appear in the Name Box dropdown list. However, you can type the names in the Name Box, to select the range on the worksheet.
- Choose Insert>Name>Define
- Type a name for the range, e.g. NameList
- In the Refers To box, enter an Offset formula that defines the range size, based on the number of items in the column, e.g.:
In this example, the list is on Sheet1, starting in cell A1
The arguments used in this Offset function are:
- Reference cell: Sheet1!$A$1
- Rows to offset: 0
- Columns to offset: 0
- Number of Rows: COUNTA(Sheet1!$A:$A)
- Number of Columns: 1
- Note: for a dynamic number of columns, replace the 1 with:
Contextures Inc., Copyright ©2013
All rights reserved.
Last updated: September 21, 2013 12:23 AM